Jagannatha dasa Babaji
Srila Jagannatha dasa Babaji Maharaja comes in the Gaudiya Vaisnava disciplic succession after Srila Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakura and Srila Baladeva Vidyabhusana. He was a renounced ascetic, fully engaged in chanting the holy names of Krsna and meditating on the pastimes of Krsna. For some time, he made his residence at Surya-kunda in Vraja-dhama, near the temple of Suryadeva, where Srimati Radharani used to come and worship the sun-godâ€”or, I should say, where She used to come to meet Krsna on the pretext of coming to worship the sun-god.
Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura, who comes in the disciplic succession after Jagannatha dasa Babaji, accepted Srila Jagannatha dasa Babaji Maharaja as his main guru, siksa-guru. Once, some of Jagannatha dasa Babajiâ€™s disciples in Vraja approached the Thakura. They complained that although they had come to Vraja to live like Jagannatha dasa Babaji Maharaja, fully absorbed in chanting the holy names and meditating on Sri Sri Radha-Krsnaâ€™s astakaliya-lila, Babaji Maharaja had refused to instruct them in such esoteric topics and had instead engaged them in cultivating tulasi plants, flowers, and vegetables to offer to the Lord. So these disciples requested Bhaktivinoda Thakura to appeal to their Guru Maharaja to instruct them in the esoteric practices of Krsna consciousness.
Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura told them, â€œActually, your Gurudevaâ€™s instructions are right for you. Because you still have anarthas, for you to try to sit and try to do nirjana-bhajana [solitary worship] and practice asta-kaliya-lila-smarana [meditation on the Lordâ€™s eightfold daily pastimes] would be artificial, and you would just become degraded. So you should follow your Gurudevaâ€™s instructions with full faith and work hard in Krsnaâ€™s service. Then, in time, you may be able to chant the holy names purely.â€
Eventually, Jagannatha dasa Babaji Maharaja moved to Mayapur, where he lived by the banks of the Ganges, fully absorbed in chanting the holy names. He had the greatest reverence for the holy land of Navadvipa. Although he was so renounced and so absorbed in Krsna consciousness, as his reputation spread, gentlemen would come to him and give him donations. Once, Babaji Maharaja asked one of his servants to take the donations he had received, which he kept in an old burlap bag, and purchase a large pot of rasagullas. All the devotees were surprised, because Jagannatha dasa Babaji was so renounced and lived so simply. He would eat just the most simple rice and dal. Anyway, the servant brought the sweets, and Jagannatha dasa Babaji offered them to his Deities and then distributed them to the cows and dogs in the dhama. He said the creatures of the dhama were elevated souls and worthy of service.
Later, Babaji Maharaja would not accept prasada until he had shared his food with ten newborn puppies. He would wait until they came, and he would count them with his hands. (In his old age, Babaji Maharajaâ€™s eyelids drooped over his eyes and prevented him from seeing.) So he would count them with his hands, and only after they had begun to eat would he also partake. He said, â€œThey are puppies of the dhama. They are not ordinary living entities.â€ He had so much faith and affection for the dhama.
He had less affection for Mayavadi impersonalists. He used to say, â€œLet the dogs come in for darsana, but the impersonalistsâ€”kick them out!â€
Srila Jagannatha dasa Babaji lived to a very old age. In fact, some Vaisnavas say he was just waiting for Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura to comeâ€”someone to whom he could impart his special knowledge and realization, for the benefit of humanity. Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura had requested to be transferred from his post in Orissa to Bengal, so he could be near Navadvipa-dhama. And eventually, he was posted at Krsnanagara, near Navadvipa.
Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura did extensive research to determine the actual birthplace of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. He studied various old maps, consulted the local people, and visited the different places. Eventually, he found a mound where many tulasi trees were growing. He got the intuition that this was the actual birthplace of Lord Caitanya, but still he wanted his intuition to be confirmed. At the time, Jagannatha dasa Babaji was the most renowned Vaisnava, and he was Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakuraâ€™s siksa-guru. Thus, Jagannatha dasa Babajiâ€™s disciples carried him to the place with the mound and tulasi plants. He was so old (over a hundred and forty years old, some say) that his disciples had to carry him in a basket. And his eyelids were so heavy that he had to open them with his hands to be able to see. So, the disciples brought him, but they didnâ€™t tell him when they came to the site that Bhaktivinoda Thakura had determined was the birthplace. Still, when Babaji Maharaja arrived there, he spontaneously jumped out of his basket and began to dance in ecstasy, singing the holy names. Thus he confirmed the location of Mahaprabhuâ€™s birthplace.
Srila Jagannatha dasa Babajiâ€™s bhajana-kutira and samadhi are there in Navadvipa-dhama, in Koladvipa. Devotees who perform Navadvipa-parikrama visit there and get his mercy. We also pray to him for his mercy, that we may be instrumental in fulfilling the desires of Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura, Srila Gaurakisora dasa Babaji Maharaja, Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura, and the other acaryas in the line of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu coming to us through Srila Prabhupada and his disciples. Today especially, we think of His Holiness Tamal Krishna Goswami Maharaja, who left this world on Jagannatha Dasa Babajiâ€™s Disappearance Day, also in Gauda-mandala-bhumi. So Iâ€™ll speak briefly about him now.
Two years ago I was in Dallas for the disappearance day of Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura, just a few months after Goswami Maharaja passed away. As we were observing the ceremony in the temple, I was thinking how Tamal Krishna Goswami was the perfect servant and therefore the fit representative of Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura. Then I thought of him in relation to all of the acaryas in the last two centuriesâ€”Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura, Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura, and Srila Prabhupada (who are the most prominent of them)â€”and how he really took their mission to heart. He was absorbed in fulfilling all aspects of their mission: developing Mayapur, distributing books, spreading the chanting of the holy names throughout the world in various waysâ€”all the programs that were so important to our predecessor acaryas.
Although I could speak of Goswami Maharajaâ€™s surrender and service for days, we now have the rare opportunity to hear from His Grace Amoghalila dasa Adhikari. Can you tell us something about your experiences with him and your realizations about him?
nama om visnu-padaya krsna-presthaya bhu-tale
srimate bhaktivedanta-svamin iti namine
namas te sarasvate-deve gaura-vani-pracarine
vancha-kalpa-tarubhyas ca krpa-sindhubhya eva ca
patitanam pavanebhyo vaisnavebhyo namo namah
So, I am thinking of one or two incidents I can mention, and some realizations I had from them. One was actually the last morning Srila Prabhupada was in Bombay, in Juhu. I was fortunate, actually by Giriraj Maharajaâ€™s mercy, to be able to be in Srila Prabhupadaâ€™s room then. After about a month in Bombay, Srila Prabhupada was leaving that morning for Vrndavana. Madhava Prabhu and Upendra Prabhu were also there, though Upendra was in and out of the room.
Srila Prabhupada was just lying on his bed. He could hardly move. He couldnâ€™t even sit up by himself. He was so weak he could barely speak. But then Srila Prabhupada said something. It was hard to hear what he said, so I leaned near him and asked, â€œWhat, Srila Prabhupada?â€ He said, â€œCall Tamal.â€ So Upendra Prabhu went out to get Tamal Krishna Maharaja. When Goswami Maharaja came into the room, Prabhupadaâ€™s bedroom, he offered dandavat-pranama (prostrated obeisances), and then he got up. Srila Prabhupada asked him about the arrangements for going to Vrndavana. Goswami Maharaja said, â€œYes, Srila Prabhupada,â€ he offered dandavat-pranama, and he went out. A minute or two later he came back in. He offered dandavat-pranama, he got up, and then he told Srila Prabhupada the answer to Prabhupadaâ€™s question. He said something, he got something ready, and then he offered dandavat-pranama and went out. This happened at least three times: He came in and went out, he came in and went out, he came in and went out within just a few minutesâ€”it couldnâ€™t have been more than five minutes. Practically every minute he was coming in, offering dandavat-pranama, getting up, talking to Prabhupada for a few seconds or half a minute, offering dandavat-pranama again, and going out.
Later, after Srila Prabhupada left us, when I was Goswami Maharajaâ€™s personal secretary, I mentioned this to him. He said, â€œYes, Srila Prabhupada instructed me to do this. Srila Prabhupada said that, because familiarity breeds contempt, it is very important when somebody is intimately serving the spiritual master that they keep a reverential mood.â€ Goswami Maharaja, of course, was such an intimate servant of Srila Prabhupadaâ€™s, yet he always maintained that deep reverenceâ€”of course love, also, but at the same time he always had such deep reverence for Srila Prabhupada. Tamal Krishna Maharaja is such an ideal example of a personal servant and disciple.
I am thinking of one other incident then, when I was Goswami Maharajaâ€™s personal secretary in 1978 in Bombay. As I mentioned to Giriraj Maharaja, I think the real reason Goswami Maharaja wanted me to be his personal secretary was so he could train me, because he had seen how disturbing my mismanagement was. . . . Maharaja, do you want to tell the story, what he had said?
Giriraj Swami: No, you go ahead and tell it.
Amoghalila: Giriraj Maharaja told me this. I had been the vice president and the so-called manager of Hare Krsna Land, and at one point during that time, Giriraj Maharaja had mentioned to Tamal Krishna Maharaja, â€œAmoghalila is mismanaging the affairs here.â€ Goswami Maharaja had said, â€œThere is no mismanagement . . . There is no management!â€ [laughter] So, he felt that I needed some training in management. Therefore, he made me his personal secretary, to train me. I think that was the main reason, and he tried to train me and he did.
He did train me a lot, although I didnâ€™t follow his training so well, but one incident where he trained me was very moving. Every time I think about it, I just . . . He was teaching me how to clean the floor. I mean, I had been a devotee for six or seven years, so I had been cleaning floors for a long time. Anyway, once when I was cleaning the floor, he said, â€œNo, thatâ€™s not how you clean the floor,â€ because I had the cloth bunched up or something. So, he took the cloth from me, he got down on his hands and knees, he spread the cloth out big, he folded it over once, I think just once, and he started cleaning the floor. I tried to stop him; I said, â€œMaharaja, itâ€™s okay, itâ€™s okay. Iâ€™ll do it.â€ He responded, â€œNo, I want to show you how to do it.â€ And he cleaned for quite a while. He cleaned a large area, and I was protesting, but he said, â€œNo. Just watch what I am doing.â€ He had the cloth spread out quite big, and he cleaned for some time. I tried to stop him again, but he explained: â€œNo, Srila Prabhupada did this to me. Srila Prabhupada showed me like this. He got down on his hands and knees and he cleaned the floor to show me how to do it. So why canâ€™t you let me show you how to do it?â€
So, Tamal Krishna Goswami was the perfect servant of Srila Prabhupada. As you said, Maharaja, the perfect servant or ideal servant becomes the ideal representative. Goswami Maharaja was so strict in following Srila Prabhupada, exactly to the detailâ€”even how you open up a cloth and fold it and clean the floor, every detail, everything! These are just a couple of little incidents I was thinking about.
Giriraj Swami: When you began, saying how Tamal Krishna Goswami would come and offer full obeisances, I thought of what some devotees told me about his routine in Dallas after Srila Prabhupada left. Every night he would go into Srila Prabhupadaâ€™s room where the deity of Srila Prabhupada was installed, and he would chant his last gayatri and put Srila Prabhupada to rest. He wanted to do that as his personal service. And they told me that whenever Goswami Maharaja would leave the temple premises, even for an hour or two, he would first circumambulate the building. They gave me the impression that he was circumambulating Srila Prabhupada, although, of course, he was circumambulating the other deities as well. But he was very conscious of Srila Prabhupada. In general, he was always very conscious of his lords and masters.
Somehow I also think of how, after Srila Prabhupada left, Goswami Maharaja distributed different remnants of Srila Prabhupada to different devotees and he ended up with one of Srila Prabhupadaâ€™s teeth. He placed this tooth in a silver capsule and hung it around his neck. Indradyumna Swami, who is quite expert in getting deities and sacred relics, once was asking Tamal Krishna Goswami questions about the toothâ€”what was eventually going to happen to it. And Tamal Krishna Goswami understood that Indradyumna Maharaja was trying to see if he could one day get the tooth. Goswami Maharaja just laughed and said, â€œDonâ€™t even think of it. I am taking it with me. Even after I leave, it will stay with my body.â€™ His idea was that by the tooth being put into his samadhi, people who circumambulated his samadhi or offered obeisances there would get the benefit of circumambulating Srila Prabhupadaâ€™s tooth, of offering obeisances to his tooth. And on the absolute platform, Srila Prabhupadaâ€™s tooth is as worshipable as he is.
Devotee: The tooth was kept with him, even when he was put into samadhi?
Giriraj Swami: Yes, it was always kept with him.
February 20, 2004